’Tis the season for giving, and one of the best ways to feel good while making a difference in the world is to donate to charities. However, how you donate can significantly affect your tax bill, especially given the tax reform package passed last year.
Following are some strategies to consider, though please consult your tax professional to see how these strategies apply to you.
Donate appreciated assets
Given the height of the market, among today’s most effective donations are appreciated assets, such as stocks and property. The receiving charity can sell the asset and get its full dollar value, and you get the tax credit for that same amount. This gives the charity much more than if you were to first sell your stock, pay capital gains tax and then donate what’s leftover.
This strategy may have a secondary benefit – it can also save the frustration of spending time researching the cost basis of a stock you may have received as a gift or through company mergers and spinoffs, when the stock lineage is difficult to trace.
By donating these shares, the tax credit can be claimed for the full current value, and without worrying about figuring out the cost basis.
Use your qualified charitable distribution
If you are 70 1/2 or older, you can distribute up to $100,000 directly to charity from your IRA. This could satisfy all – or at least a good part – of your required minimum distribution, and the amount does not need to be reported as income.
Open a donor-advised fund and ‘bundle’ donations
Contributions to donor-advised funds give you an immediate tax deduction while allowing you to grant over time to nonprofit organizations throughout the U.S. You can open a donor-advised fund with cash, securities, property, etc. Such funds are simpler and less expensive to set up and manage compared to a private foundation, and they’re a good way to teach children about philanthropy. They are also an ideal estate-planning vehicle for establishing a permanent philanthropic legacy for you and your family.
In addition, with last year’s tax reform, many donors are now using donor-advised funds to get additional tax deductions by “bundling” charitable gifts. This addresses the increased standard deduction, which has risen to $12,000 for individuals and $24,000 for married couples filing jointly.
To use this approach, multiple years of charitable deductions are donated at once to a donor-advised fund. For example, if someone normally donates $8,000 a year to charities, he or she could donate $24,000 this year to a donor-advised fund, obtain this year’s tax deduction for the full amount and then donate $8,000 this year and each of the subsequent two years. Consider life income gifts
Vehicles such as charitable remainder trusts and charitable gift annuities allow you to get a tax deduction now for a charitable gift while providing income to you during your lifetime. They can be very useful as estate-planning tools.
The rate of Americans’ charitable giving has remained constant, at roughly 2 percent of gross domestic product, for several decades. But donations to donor-advised funds now account for approximately 5 percent of overall giving. Community foundations run a number of these funds, as well as the larger financial services companies.
Finally, the above should not be considered tax advice. Please check with your tax preparer or certified tax professional for tax advice related to your personal situation.