Sun08022015

News

E. coli found in Los Altos water indicated breach, but only low risk

E. coli found in Los Altos water indicated breach, but only low risk


Courtesy of Microbe World
Colorized low-temperature electron micrograph of a cluster of E. coli bacteria

When E. coli and other bacteria were discovered in some Los Altos water last week, officials from the local water supplier, California Water...

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Schools

BCS hosts Stretch to Kindergarten program for underserved youth

BCS hosts Stretch to Kindergarten program for underserved youth


Traci Newell/Town Crier
The six-week, tuition-free Stretch to Kindergarten program, hosted at Bullis Charter School, serves children who have not attended preschool. A teacher leads children in singing about the parts of a butterfly, above.

Local un...

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Community

Google car painting project calls on artists

Google car painting project calls on artists


Google self-driving car

Already known as an innovator in the tech field, Google Inc. is now moving in on the art world.

The Mountain View-based company July 11 launched the “Paint the Town” contest, a “moving art experiment” that invites Califo...

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Sports

Pedaling with a purpose

Pedaling with a purpose


courtesy of
Rishi Bommannan Rishi Bommannan cycled from Bates College in Maine to his home in Los Altos Hills, taking several selfies along the way. He also raised nearly $13,000 for the Livestrong Foundation, which supports cancer patients.

When R...

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Comment

The truth about coyotes: Other Voices

The Town Crier’s recent article on coyotes venturing down from the foothills in search of sustenance referenced the organization Project Coyote (“Recent coyote attacks keep residents on edge,” July 1). Do not waste your time contac...

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Special Sections

Grant Park senior program made permanent

Grant Park senior program made permanent


Photos by Alicia Castro/Town Crier
Local residents participate in an exercise class at the Grant Park Senior Center, above. Betsy Reeves, below left with Gail Enenstein, lobbied for senior programming in south Los Altos.

It all began when Betsy Reev...

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Business

New State Street rug retailer has downtown Los Altos covered

New State Street rug retailer has downtown Los Altos covered


Alicia Castro/Town Crier
Los Altos Rug Gallery owner Fahim Karimi stocks his State Street store with a wall-to-wall array of floor coverings.

A new downtown business owner plans to roll out the red carpet – along with rugs of every other color –...

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Books

Book Signings

• Fritz and Nomi Trapnell have scheduled a book-signing party 4-6 p.m. Aug. 1 at their home, 648 University Ave., Los Altos.

Fritz and his daughter, Dana Tibbitts, co-authored “Harnessing the Sky: Frederick ‘Trap’ Trapnell, ...

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People

GRACE WILSON FRANKS

GRACE WILSON FRANKS

Resident of Los Altos

Grace Wilson Franks, our beloved mother and grandmother, left us peacefully on July 16, 2015 just a few weeks short of her 92nd birthday. She was born to Ross and Florence (Cruzan) Wilson in rural Tulare, California on Septem...

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Travel

Gearing up: Make travel more civilized with accessories

Gearing up: Make travel more civilized with accessories


Eren Göknar/Special to the Town Crier
San Francisco-based humangear Inc. sells totes, tubes and tubs for traveling.

In travel, as in romance, it’s the little things that count.

Beyond the glossy brochures lie the travel discomforts too mun...

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Stepping Out

Going out with a 'Bang'

Going out with a 'Bang'


Richard Mayer/Special to the Town Crier
“Chitty Chitty Bang Bang” stars, clockwise from top left, Alexander Sanchez, Sophia Sturiale, Deborah Rosengaus and Danny Martin.

Los Altos Stage Company and Los Altos Youth Theatre’s joint production of t...

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Spiritual Life

Build a 'light' house and get out of that dark place

Most of us have a place inside our hearts and minds that occasionally causes us trouble. For some, it is sadness, depression or despair. For others, it may be fear, anger, resentment or myriad other emotional “dark places” that at times seem to hij...

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Magazine

Inside Mountain View

Residents gather at NASA Ames for Pluto Flyby event

Residents gather at NASA Ames for Pluto Flyby event


Megan V. Winslow/Town Crier
NASA Ames’ Pluto Flyover event kindles the imaginations of young attendees.

Sue Moore watched the July 20, 1969, moon landing beside patients and staff members of the San Francisco hospital where she worked as a nurse...

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When it comes to the best sunscreen, the choices are endless


courtesy of Dr. Patricia Wong.
From tinted to gels, creams and powders, an array of sunscreens on the market protect users from damaging rays.

Many factors must be considered when choosing a sunscreen.

Are you male or female? Do you spend a significant amount of time outdoors? Do you play sports? What is your skin type? Do you have oily, dry or combination skin? Do you have problems with acne? Do you have rosacea? Do you have sensitive skin? Do you wear makeup? Have you had skin cancer or precancerous skin growths?

Personal preferences also play in to selecting a sunscreen. Do you prefer a tinted sunscreen? A scented product? Squeeze-tube, pump, spray, powder or roll-on applicator?

There are myriad formulations to choose from. Using the excuse that you don’t apply sunscreen because you can’t find one you like is akin to saying that you stopped eating food because you couldn’t find anything good to eat.

Clinical studies have proven beyond a doubt that wearing sunscreen daily decreases the risk of skin cancer and helps combat sun damage.

Following is a brief rundown of the various types of sunscreens on the market.

Gel

Gel sunscreens are popular with children and men. If you tend to be hairy, lotion- and cream-based sunscreens are too greasy. If you apply a cream and then go to the beach, the sand will stick to you. If you love to run or bike, your legs will be covered with dirt after your outing. Gel formulations are ideal for bald people, especially those who refuse to wear hats and own convertibles.

If you have sensitive or dry skin, gels can burn and cause irritation. Applying gel sunscreen near the eyes can cause stinging and burning, especially if you sweat or rub your eyes. If you have dry skin, gel sunscreen is not the best choice. If you have oily or acne-prone skin, you may prefer this formulation. If you are using an acne medication that causes your skin to peel, do not apply gel sunscreen.

Creams and lotions

The most common sunscreen formulations are creams and lotions. They are manufactured in an emolliating base and can be used as a moisturizer. This is an added convenience, because you don’t need to apply a separate moisturizing product. Cream and lotion sunscreens appeal to those with dry skin. If you’re prone to breakouts, these formulations might be a little too heavy for you.

Tinted

Tinted sunscreens are popular among people who don’t want to look pasty. Zinc- and titanium-based sunscreens tend to make skin look lighter, though chemical-based sunscreens are capable of causing a similar effect. Choosing a sunscreen that has micronized zinc or titanium particles can help minimize this. Tinted sunscreens contain iron oxide in varying concentrations, depending on your preferred shade. You may notice that your clothes also become a little tinted with these preparations, but it should wash out.

Spray

Spray sunscreens were invented for people in a hurry and for those trying to apply sunscreen to children who refuse to hold still for a cream or lotion application. Exercise caution when using sprays. Inhalation and inadvertent application into the eyes can potentially cause medical problems. It’s also difficult to assess how much sunscreen has been applied when it’s sprayed. If you don’t apply the sunscreen in a concentration of at least 2 mg/cm2, you won’t have adequate photoprotection. There have been reports of people catching on fire when using these formulations near flames or cigarettes. Because they are alcohol based, they are potentially flammable.

Powder

Powder sunscreens are popular because they are easy to apply. Unfortunately, the powder is rarely applied in a sufficient quantity to achieve an SPF of 15 or 30, as promised on the container. The powder can rub off on and discolor clothing. If you do apply the powder appropriately, to achieve a concentration of 2 mg/cm2, you’ll look very dusty and probably won’t want to be seen in public. The makers of some powder sunscreens urge consumers to buy a spray to “fix” the powder to the skin. This seems to be just one more reason not to bother with this product.

Mineral

Purely mineral sunscreens are composed only of zinc oxide and/or titanium oxide. A sunscreen formulated exclusively with titanium oxide doesn’t have broad enough UVA protection. These sunscreens are ideal for people with sensitive skin and children. They are hypoallergenic.

Water-resistant

Water-resistant sunscreens are recommended for swimmers, beachgoers and athletes. These sunscreens tend to be more acne inducing because of the polymers used to make the sunscreen water resistant. As with all sunscreens, they must be reapplied every two hours to maintain effective protection.

Additional recommendations

Higher SPF sunscreens will feel heavier than lower SPF sunscreens. They contain higher concentrations of the UVA and UVB ingredients. It’s sometimes more difficult to apply makeup over the higher-SPF sunscreens.

Attractively packaged sunscreens with pleasant fragrances from higher-end cosmetic companies tend to be more expensive. For example, coconut oil and lavender essence may induce you to be more compliant about using sunscreen regularly. There is nothing wrong with that. I prefer to minimize the number of unnecessary ingredients applied to the skin. Fragrances have the potential to cause allergic and irritant dermatitis. I tend to recommend sunscreens without fragrances, but this is a personal preference. If you’re not prone to allergies and don’t have sensitive skin, you will probably be fine using one of the higher-end sunscreens.

It’s always a good idea to supplement your sunscreen with sun-protective clothing, wide-brimmed hats and wide-framed sunglasses. Remember to apply lip balm with sunscreen. Lips do not tan. Skin cancers that develop on lips are very aggressive.

The most effective way to apply sunscreen is with an initial application 30 minutes before going outside, followed by a second application 15 minutes before going outside. While this is not in the instructions accompanying the sunscreens, dermatologic studies show that it’s more effective than reapplying it two hours later as your second application.

Dr. Patricia Wong is a dermatologist in private practice in Palo Alto. For more information, call 473-3173 or visit patriciawongmd.com.

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